Máy đo độ đục cầm tay Hanna HI 98703

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Máy đo độ đục cầm tay Hanna HI 98703

Hãng sản xuất: Hanna

Model: HI98703

 

Giá: Liên hệ 0977.459.400

HI98703 Turbidity Portable Meter

The HI98703 is a high accuracy (+0.02 NTU) Turbidity Portable Meter. The meter is supplied complete with AMCO-AEPA-1 primary turbidity standards used for calibration and performance verification. The HI98703 meets and exceeds the requirements of EPA Method 180.1 and Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 2130 B for turbidity measurements.

USB for data transfer

Operates on batteries or line voltage

Details

The HI98703 Precision Turbidity Portable Meter is specially designed for water quality measurements, providing reliable and accurate readings, especially in the low turbidity range. The instrument is based on a state-of-the-art optical system which guarantees accurate results, assures long term stability, and minimizes stray light and color interferences. Periodic calibration with the supplied standards compensates for any variations in intensity of the tungsten lamp.  The 25 mm round cuvettes composed of special optical glass guarantee the repeatability of turbidity measurements.

Features at-a-glance

Multiple reading modes - Normal measurement, continuous measurement, or signal averaging measurement are reading modes available.

EPA CompliantMeasurement - The HI98703 meets and exceeds the requirements of EPA and Standard Methods for turbidity measurements. When the meter is in EPA mode all turbidity readings are rounded accordingly to meet reporting requirements.

Calibration – A two, three, or four-point turbidity calibration can be performed by using the supplied (<0.1, 15, 100, and 750 NTU) standards. Calibration points can be modified if user-prepared standards are used.

AMCO AEPA-1 Primary Turbidity Standard - The AMCO AEPA-1 supplied standards are recognized as a primary standard by the USEPA. These non-toxic standards are made of styrene divinylbenzene polymer spheres that are uniform in size and density. The standards are reusable and stable with a long shelf life.

Fast Tracker™ - For advanced ˜field applications, the HI98703 is equipped with Fast Tracker™ - Tag Identi˜fication System (T.I.S.) that makes data collecting and management simpler than ever. Fast Tracker™ allows users to record the time and location of a speci˜fic measurement or series of measurements using iButton® tags near sampling points for quick and easy readings. Each iButton® tag contains a computer chip with a unique identi˜cation code encased in stainless steel.

GLP Data – The HI98703 features complete GLP (Good Laboratory Practice) functions that allow traceability of the calibration conditions. Data includes calibration points, date, and time.

Data Logging – Up to 200 measurements can be stored in the internal memory and recalled at any time.

Data Transfer – For further storage or analysis options, logged data can be downloaded to a Windows compatible PC using the RS232 or USB port and the HI92000 software.

Backlit Display – A backlit LCD display provides an easy to understand, user-friendly interface. Displayed codes guide the user step-by-step through routine operation and calibration.

Significance of Use

Turbidity is one of the most important parameters used to determine the quality of drinking water. Once considered as a mostly aesthetic characteristic of drinking water, signi˜ficant evidence exists that controlling turbidity is a competent safeguard against pathogens. In natural water, turbidity measurements are taken to gauge general water quality and its compatibility in applications involving aquatic organisms. The monitoring and treatment or wastewater was once solely based on the control of turbidity. Currently, the measurement of turbidity at the end of the wastewater treatment process is necessary to verify that the values are within regulatory standards.

Turbidity of water is an optical property that causes light to be scattered and absorbed, rather than transmitted. The scattering of light that passes through a liquid is primarily caused by the suspended solids present. The higher the turbidity, the greater the amount of scattered light. Even a very pure liquid will scatter light to a certain degree, as no solution will have zero turbidity.  

Drinking water treatment plants that obtain water from surface water are required by the EPA to monitor and report the turbidity. Surface water sources include lakes and rivers.  The requirements of the nephelometer and reporting measurements according to  EPA Method 180.1 are:

  • The applicable range is 0-40 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU)

  • Light source:  Tungsten lamp operated at a color temperature between 2200-3000°K.

  • Distance traversed by incident light and scattered light within the sample tube: Total not to exceed 10 cm.

  • Detector: Centered at 90° to the incident light path and not to exceed ±30° from 90°. The detector, and filter system if used, shall have a spectral peak response between 400 nm and 600 nm

  • The sensitivity of the instrument should permit detection of a turbidity difference of 0.02 NTU or less in waters having turbidities less than 1 unit.

  • Report results as follows:

NTU reading

Rounded to nearest

0.0 - 1.0

0.05

1 - 10    

0.1

10 - 40  

1

40 - 100

5

100 - 400

10

400 - 1000  

50

>1000   

100

 

The HI98703 meets and exceeds the meter criteria speci˜ed by the EPA Method 180.1 and Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 2130 B.

Principle of Operation

The light beam that passes through the sample is scattered in all directions. The intensity and pattern of the scattered light is a‰ffected by many variables, such as wavelength of the incident light, particle size and shape, refractive index, and color. The optical system of the HI98703 includes a tungsten fi˜lament lamp, a scattered light detector (90°) and a transmitted light detector (180°).

In the ratio turbidimeter range, the microprocessor of the instrument calculates the NTU value from the signals that reach the two detectors by using an eff‰ective algorithm that corrects and compensates for interferences of color. The optical system and measuring technique also compensate for fluctuations in lamp intensity, minimizing the need for frequent calibration.

In the non-ratio turbidimeter range, the NTU value is calculated from the signal on the scattered light detector (90°). This method off‰ers a high linearity on the low range but is more sensitive to lamp intensity ‡fluctuations. The lower detection limit of a turbidimeter is determined by stray light that is detected by the sensors but not caused by light scattering from suspended particles. The optical system of the HI98703 is designed to have very low stray light, providing highly accurate results for low turbidity samples.

The HI98703-11 AMCO AEPA-1 standards ensure that measurements are traceable to a primary reference materials. These standards are used for calibration and performance verification of the turbidity meter.

Supplied with Certificate of Analysis

  • Lot number
  • Expiration date
  • Standard value @ 25 °C
  • Reference meter NIST traceable
Provided storage containers
  • Light tight
  • Protects from accidental breakage

Turbidity Specifications

Range 0.00 to 9.99; 10.0 to 99.9; 100 to 1000 NTU
Resolution 0.01; 0.1; 1 NTU
Range Selection automatic
Accuracy ±2% of reading plus 0.02 NTU
Repeatability ±1% of reading or 0.02 NTU, whichever is greater
Stray Light < 0.02 NTU
Light Detector silicon photocell
Method ratio nephelometric method (90° & 180°)
Measuring Mode normal, average, continuous
Turbidity Standards < 0.1, 15, 100, and 750 NTU
Calibration two, three, or four-point calibration

General Specifications

Light Source tungsten filament lamp / greater than 100,000 readings
Display 60 x 90 mm backlit LCD
Log Memory 200 records
Connectivity USB or RS232
Environment 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F), RH max 95% non-condensing
Power Supply 1.5V AA alkaline batteries (4) or AC adapter; auto-off after 15 minutes of non-use
Dimensions 224 x 87 x 77 mm (8.8 x 3.4 x 3.0”)
Weight 512 g (18 oz.)
Ordering Information HI98703 is supplied with sample cuvettes and caps (5), HI98703-11 calibration cuvettes, silicone oil, cuvette wiping cloth, batteries, AC adapter, instruction manual, and rugged carrying case.

 

 

 

 

 

Details

The HI839800 COD Test Tube Heater features two predefined temperature profiles: 150ºC and 105ºC. Digestions for chemical oxygen (COD) and total phosphorus are conducted at 150ºC, while total nitrogen digestions are conducted at 105ºC. The test tube heater automatically heats up to the set temperature, holding it until the countdown timer has finished. Once the timer has ended, a beep will sound and the heating element will turn off. The outer casing of the HI839800 remains cool to the touch, even during a timed digestion. An optional lab safety shield and test tube cooling rack provide a complete setup for sample digestions.

Features at-a-glance

Predefined Temperature Settings - The test tube heater features two predefined temperature profiles at 150ºC (221ºF) and 105ºC (301ºF) that can be selected at the press of a button.

Temperature Alerts - The HI839800 alerts users in the event that the temperature of the heating block is either above or below the set temperature. A timer icon reminds users to wait until the heating block has cooled or warmed up before inserting their samples.

Built-in Timer - A built-in countdown timer of up to 180 minutes allows users to easily set the required digestion time by simply pressing the up and down arrows. Once a time has been set and the heating element is stable, a press of the START button begins the digestion procedure.

Status Indicator Lights - Three LED lights are featured on the HI839800. A green LED indicates the heater has been turned on; a yellow LED indicates when the heater is actively heating up to a set temperature; a red LED indicates when the heater goes above 50ºC, reminding the user that the aluminum element is hot.

Overheating Prevention - The HI839800 contains a thermal fuse that prevents overheating. Should overheating occur, the heater automatically shuts down and all LED indicator lights turn off.

Reference Temperature Well - In addition to the 25 vial capacity of the aluminum heating block, a small well is available for a temperature probe for users that wish to verify their heating block.

Two Operating Modes - The HI839800 features two operating modes: idle and heating. Idle mode is the default mode in which the heater measures and displays the current temperature, target temperature, set reaction time, and an “idle” tag. Heating mode is activated when users press the START button; it starts when actively heating and continues during the countdown timer.

Continuous LCD Display - The block temperature is continuously displayed on the easy to read LCD display, even when there is no active temperature program running. All relevant information in addition to temperature are easily visible during idle and heating mode.

Error Messages - Messages on display alerting to problems including high or low temperature, hot surface, or heating system malfunction.